What is the difference between NFC and RFID?

NFC and RFIDWhat is the difference between NFC and RFID?


NFC and RFID are two popular wireless communication technologies that have gained widespread adoption in recent years. Although they are often used interchangeably, there are some key differences between these two technologies. In this blog post, we’ll explore what NFC and RFID are, how they work, and the differences between them.

What is NFC?

NFC (Near Field Communication) is a wireless communication technology that allows two devices to communicate with each other over short distances, typically a few centimeters. NFC uses electromagnetic radio fields to enable communication between devices, and it operates on the same frequency range as RFID (13.56 MHz).

NFC is commonly used for contactless payment systems, such as Apple Pay and Google Wallet. It is also used for mobile ticketing, access control, and data transfer between devices.

What is RFID?

RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) is a wireless communication technology that uses electromagnetic fields to identify and track objects. RFID tags, which contain a small microchip and antenna, can be attached to objects and then detected by RFID readers. The reader sends a radio signal to the tag, which responds with its unique identifier.

RFID is used in a wide range of applications, including school and university – attendance tracking systems, library management systems, visitor management systems, inventory management, supply chain tracking, asset tracking, and access control. RFID tags can be passive (without a battery) or active (with a battery), and they can operate on different frequency ranges depending on the application.

What are the Differences between NFC and RFID?

Range: NFC has a shorter range than RFID, typically up to 10 cm, while RFID can have a range of several meters.

Speed: NFC has a faster data transfer rate than RFID, with a maximum speed of 424 Kbps, while RFID typically operates at a slower speed.

Power: NFC requires less power than RFID, making it more suitable for mobile devices and battery-powered applications.

Communication: NFC is a two-way communication technology, meaning that two devices can communicate with each other, while RFID is typically one-way communication, with the reader sending a signal to the tag.

Security: NFC has built-in security features, such as encryption and authentication, that make it more secure than RFID.

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NFC Story

The “Assistance Control” project was inspired by the basic idea of the “Bologna Process”, a Pan-European collaboration which started in 1999, to adapt technology to provide a better quality of education that would allow improvement of the next generation of classroom teaching.
The best project finally chosen and tested involved students registered for classes with NFC phones, during the academic year 2011–2012 at “Universidad Pontificia de Salamanca, Campus Madrid” (UPSAM).
This resulted in the senior students at the School of Computer Engineering to certify 99.5% accuracy and ease of attendance that ensured continuous assessment without loss of instructional time allocated to this activity.

Source : Science Direct Volume 40 Issue 11, 1st September 2013, Pages 4478-4489